The Guest Blog

Guest blogpost by Jallow Momodou, Vice-Chair of the European Network Against Racism (ENAR) and Chair of the Pan African Movement for Justice in Sweden.

‘Numbers count’ is a statement we often hear, especially when speaking of democratic weight and power as a means to influence a group’s socio-economic conditions. So far, however, people of African descent and Black European are the most invisible ‘visible’ minority on the European political agenda. This despite the fact that there are an estimated 7 million people of African descent and Black Europeans in Europe and they are particularly vulnerable to racism and discrimination across the European Union.

International Day for the Abolition of Slavery was on 2 December, and it is an opportune moment to reflect on Afrophobia, the specific form of racism experienced by people of African descent, and to call for its recognition at EU level.

Indeed, 150 years after the abolition of the slave trade, Black people continue to be perceived and constructed as second class citizens in European societies. The dehumanisation of Black people and racist theories devising a hierarchy of races based on skin colour were the ideological foundations of slavery in Europe and still shape the prejudices of the majority population towards Black people today.

Much of Europe’s Black population has been settled in Europe for several generations with a long history of citizenship, and has contributed to its socio-economic, cultural and political fabric. Yet visibility has posed an obstacle to inclusion, with Europe’s Black population being disproportionately more impacted by racism and discrimination, causing major disparities between Black and majority populations in almost every sector of society throughout Europe.

They are, for example, particularly vulnerable to racist speech and violence. A recent report on Afrophobia in Sweden, which is also the first of its kind, reveals that Afro-Swedes are the Swedish minority most exposed to hate crimes according to statistics on hate crimes, indicating a 24% increase since 2008. Afrophobic hate crimes are characterised by a high proportion of physical violence, that often take place in public spaces. In England and Wales, Black people are also five times more likely to be stopped and searched than White people. They suffer unequal treatment in all areas of life including employment, housing, education and access to services. A survey by the EU Fundamental Rights Agency shows that 41% of sub-Saharan African respondents had been discriminated against on the basis of their ethnicity at least once in the previous 12 months.

However, despite a long history of racial oppression and the recurring and increasing levels of Afrophobia, there is a general reluctance to recognise and acknowledge its existence in the European Union.

EU decision makers, including the new European Commission and European Parliament, must take steps to publicly recognise this form of racism and thus describe a reality that so far remains invisible – especially given Europe’s role in the slave trade and colonisation. Such recognition is a necessary basis for all legal and policy attempts to reduce the effects of racial discrimination against people of African descent and Black Europeans across Europe.

They should also develop effective strategies to counter the structural and everyday racism that prevents the inclusion of many Black people in European society. The adoption of the European framework for national Roma integration strategies demonstrated the EU’s political will to fight discrimination against its largest ethnic minority and has highlighted the vulnerable situation of the Roma population in Europe. Black Europeans and people of African descent need to benefit from a similar targeted strategy which will ensure their social inclusion and protection from discrimination.

Considering the results of the EU parliamentary elections and its possible impact on particularly visible minorities like people of African descent and Black Europeans, it is more important than ever for the EU to actively address Afrophobia.

Author :


  1. Hello
    We admire you for taking the first step in putting up your own business. We want to assist you in bringing your dream into fruition by providing you the low-interest business loan and other credit facilities that you need to expand or pay for the start-up expenses.

    Though there are many financing companies out there that refuse to provide start-up loans and other credit facilities with the belief that they are too risky. Our company is not one of them. We understand the importance of getting a business jumpstarted and are not afraid to be of assistance.

    We offer business loans, housing loans, bank guarantee, standby Letter of Credit; Letter of credits, Medium term notes, and so many others from AAA rated banks between US$100,000 – US$1 Billion at 3% minimal interest and leasing rates. We cover all your credit facilities needs and offer low interest rates and effortless payment plans.
    Other packages include long term project partnership funding, joint ventures partnership, investment funding, invention partnership funding, contract funding and other partnership funding for those that have good business plans and ongoing projects without enough money to finance or complete it.

    Our goal is to be able to help everyone as much as possible, regardless of what your credit report has to say. We didn’t establish our company to discriminate. Email us today and discuss with us to see the great deals we have to offer. We want your business to succeed just as much as you do. Let us assist you
    During our 12 years operation in financing we didn’t receive any negative feedback from our clients.

    If you’re looking for a loan that will fund the establishment or expansion of your own business, we are here to give it to you.
    Email: us today regarding questions you may have and discuss with us to see the great deals we have to offer. We want your business to succeed just as much as you do. Let us assist you. We look forward to serving you.

    I am waiting for your response.

    Best regards
    Credit Facilities Consultant

Comments are closed.